Baku is one of the most beautiful cities in the world, located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The very name of the capital is interpreted as a "wind blow", "city of winds" or "hill", "city on a hill".
The port city of Baku is the cultural, industrial, political capital of Azerbaijan, located on the western coast of the Caspian Sea, on the shores of the eponymous bay in the southern part of the Absheron Peninsula, rich in its oil fields.
Baku includes 11 administrative districts, 5 urban-type settlements.
Baku is the largest cultural center of Azerbaijan. It was here that the first national theater was raised in the Muslim East, the first opera was performed, the first Azerbaijani newspaper was published, the first Azerbaijani library was opened. Today in Baku there are 30 museums, 7 theaters, 11 universities, a philharmonic society, an opera house, a film studio, cinemas, libraries, located in the most beautiful buildings of the city, whose external decoration is not inferior to the inner cultural content.
Baku is the largest industrial center. Here are the oldest oil fields, the famous Oil Rocks, a unique deep-water plant, powerful crane vessels, modern floating drilling rigs ... There are also oil refining, petrochemical, chemical, light, food, machine-building industries, oil equipment, construction materials, instrumentation , electrical engineering and radio electronics, ship repair. Baku is a major railway junction and a port on the Caspian Sea. Since 1967, the capital has a metro.