Ganja is a real Azerbaijani color
Interesting history of the Azerbaijani city of Ganja
The city of Ganja is located at the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Range, on the Ganjachay River. It was founded approximately in VI century. AD In the first half of the VII century. Ganja was destroyed by the Persians, and in the second half by the Arabs. In the middle of the X century. Ganja, became the capital of the Shadadites - one of the small khanates in the territory of Azerbaijan.
In the middle of the eleventh century. Ganja was captured by the Seljukids. In 1139 there was a large earthquake that destroyed the city, in connection with this, he was moved to another place. As a result of the earthquake, a number of picturesque lakes were formed - Heck-gel, Maral-gel, Jeyran-gel, Ordek-gel, Zaligel, Aggel, Garagel and Shamlygel.
After the collapse of the state of the Seljukids, Ganja became the second capital of the Atabeys state (XII-XIII centuries). In the XVIII century. Ganja is the center of the Ganja Khanate.
In 1804, the Ganja Khanate was occupied by Russian troops, and Ganja itself was renamed Elizavetpol. In the Soviet era, Ganja was renamed Kirovabad and was the second largest industrial and cultural center of Azerbaijan after Baku. The historical name was returned to the city after gaining Independence in 1991.
Over the centuries the city has become the owner of numerous historical and architectural monuments with a pronounced Azerbaijani national color. Here the cult complex Gay-Imam (XIV-XVII centuries), the Juma Mosque (XVII century) and a number of picturesque old houses, the famous stone sculptures of horses and other domestic animals, abundant in the surrounding mountains are preserved.
The city is also noteworthy for the fact that the greatest Azerbaijani poet Nizami Ganjavi was born there. His mausoleum is a place especially visited by tourists.
The remains of fortress walls, towers, bridges (XII - beginning of XIII centuries), caravan-shed (XVII century) - a place of parking and rest of trade caravans, a building of the former khan's office (XVII century) , mausoleums (XIV - XVII century), mosques (XVII century).
Sheikh Bahauddin Ensemble
The Gate of Ancient Ganja
Mausoleum of Ganjavi
Ancient fort of Ganja