Icheri-Shekher

Getting to the old part of Baku - Icheri-Shekher - it seems that you are leaving the ship "Mikhail Svetlov" from the film "The Diamond Arm". Yes, the shooting of the eastern color for this and other well-known Soviet films took place in Baku, in the old quarter of the capital of Azerbaijan.

Getting to the old part of Baku - Icheri-Shekher - it seems that you are leaving the ship "Mikhail Svetlov" from the film "The Diamond Arm". Yes, the shooting of the eastern color for this and other well-known Soviet films took place in Baku, in the old quarter of the capital of Azerbaijan.
It is a true historical reserve with a characteristic architectural appearance. The ancient complex rises on a hill above the Caspian Sea and is protected by a secure fortress wall. The fortification is quite impressive: the walls are thicker than 3 m, and the height is more than 8. There are 25 towers and 5 gates in the fortress wall. It was from this, the oldest quarter, that Baku once was born. In the beginning of the 21st century, Icheri-Shekher was included among the first Azerbaijani cultural objects on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
A bit of history
The territory of Icheri-Shekher was inhabited by people already in the Bronze Age, and in the 1st century AD. e. Baku became a small port city. The natural sea harbor with favorable climate and favorable location could withstand numerous raids of the Turks and Russs. In the 8th and 15th centuries, trade and craft were booming, so the famous ruler Shirvanshah moved his residence there. To strengthen the city, he ordered to erect fortress walls and dig a ditch. The heyday of Ichari-Shekher went with a new force, the commercial life of this part of Baku became turbulent. The boom of oil production in the Caspian Sea, which began in the 19th century, is still reflected in the city's image.
What to see
Enter the Old City through the Shemakha Gate - more than 100 years ago they were the only entrance to the fortress. Exotics here literally at every step: caravanserais and mosques, churches and chapels, houses and baths. All these establishments once served numerous trading caravans passing through Baku. Since that time, caravanserais of Bukhara, Indian and other merchants have been preserved. Thanks to the efforts of archaeologists, from the sands of time, hamamas - the palace bath of Shirvashnakhs, the bathhouse of Haji Gayib of the 15th century and others - came to the ground. Praying about luck in one of the temples of different denominations, the most famous of which is the Juma Mosque, the merchants went to the Bazaar Square and conducted noisy bidding. The Baku khans watched the stormy life of the city from the grating windows of its palace.
Walking through the old city, you can not pass by the most attractive masterpieces of Baku architecture - the palace of the Shirvanshahs and the Maiden Tower.
In the palace complex there are no luxurious interiors, but you can admire the skillful masonry and a combination of cubic and round shapes. The ensemble of the palace also includes a 15th century mosque, the Diwan Khan patio and the royal tomb.
The ancient district is quite suitable for modern life: there is where to stay, eat, make purchases and even put a visa.
Buildings here are crowded "shoulder to shoulder", braided by an intricate network of alleys. To get lost in the maze of narrow streets can be in two accounts. If the "crucible" is pressing, and you are in a hurry, then it is better to stock up the map of the old city.
Practical information
How to get there: Baku, metro station "Icheri Sheher".
The entrance to the old town is free, open 24 hours a day.