Mingechaur is a large industrial center of Azerbaijan
Mingechaur is a city on the river Kura. It is famous, first of all, for its reservoir, which the locals gave the name "Mingechaur Sea", which provides water to the nearby regions of the republic. Located at the very shore of the reservoir, the tourist base offers a magnificent view of the sandy beach.
But not only the "sea" attracts tourists. In the Mingechaur area, archaeologists discovered a whole complex of monuments from the II millennium BC. e. up to the 17th century AD, among them the remains of settlements, ground and burial cemeteries, pitchers, and even Christian churches. The city has a theater and a museum of local lore, whose exposition reflects the rich history of the region.
Monuments of Mingachevir
The town of Mingechaur is located on both banks of the Kura River. This territory was inhabited since III millennium BC. Thus, in total, the city has more than 4,500 years of glorious history. And it is not just words. This is evidenced by the numerous archaeological materials found in the territory of Mingechaur.
As a result of the excavations, Greek, Roman, Arshakid coins were discovered, which indicates a lively trade in the region. In the annals of Mingachevir it is mentioned as the center of craft shops, trade shops, bathhouses, etc. In the 18th century the population of the city completely moved to the left bank of the Kura River. Today Mingechaur is a large industrial center, the fourth after the Baku, Sumgait, and Ganja industrial city of Azerbaijan.
Archaeological complex of Mingechaur
THE LEFT COAST OF THE KURA RIVER
On the left bank of the river Kura is the largest part of the Mingechaur archaeological complex. Once there was an ancient settlement of Sudagylan. Here were found the ruins of urban-type settlements, two-tier pottery furnaces (I-VIII centuries), houses of raw brick, metal, stone and bone articles of labor, household items, earthenware, Sassanid and Arab coins dating back to the early Middle Ages were discovered.
In the graves were found clay, glass and silver dishes, various rings, iron implements, gold rings, coins, Sasanid seals.
Also here were excavated architectural remains of a group of religious buildings. In the center of the settlement were discovered the remains of an ancient cult building.
The main room of the temple was a large prayer hall with some fragments of wall plaster, painted with vegetable paints.
The entrance to the temple was located in the south-west wall. Opposite the entrance is a large stone capital with a picture of two peacocks. From the south-east side, three small rooms adjoin the temple. The walls of the temple are built of raw bricks. The thickness of the walls is an average of 1.5 meters. Once the structure was tiled on a wooden base. In the temple there was a small funerary structure made of burnt brick of a square shape.
Discovered in the temple of Sassanid coins, allow attributed the erection of the building to the V-VI centuries.
After the occupation of the Mongols in the 14th - 17th century, the population moved to the right bank of the Kura River.
THE RIGHT COAST OF THE KURA RIVER
The lowest layer of this archaeological reserve is the ancient grave field. Here are found the famous potted tombs of Mingechaur (altogether more than 300).
In these graves, the dead lie head to the entrance. Their knees and heads are bent - a symbol of the mother's womb. All crypts are red: from the most ancient times the red color symbolizes blood, and blood - life. In these graves there are many dishes: pots and jars. The dishes used in the funeral rite are a cult of that period of history and speak of the faith of the ancients in resurrection. In the graves also found rectangular bunk ovens, iron tools, jewelry, coins of the ancient period. All this gives an idea of the way of life of the tribes living in this territory.
Over 200 graves and 4 burial mounds of that period were investigated at the cemetery. In burial mounds, people were buried with animals: bulls, horses, and rich utensils. Here, apparently, were the graves of the tribal chiefs.
The middle and upper layers of the excavations refer to the bronze and iron period. Stone tools, bronze weapons, household wells, pottery and metal welding furnaces, earthenware, animal and fish bones and many other things have been found here.