The Shirvanshahs palace is the pearl of the architectural heritage of Azerbaijan, the former residence of the rulers of Shirvan, located in the heart of Baku. Amazing beauty complex besides the palace includes the court Diwan-khan, the tomb, the mosque of 1441, the bath and the mausoleum of the scientist Seyid Yahya Bakuvi.
The Shirvanshahs palace is the pearl of the architectural heritage of Azerbaijan, the former residence of the rulers of Shirvan, located in the heart of Baku. Amazing beauty complex besides the palace includes the court Diwan-khan, the tomb, the mosque of 1441, as well as the bath and mausoleum of the court scholar Seyid Yahya Bakuvi.
The palace complex was built not for one decade, constantly gaining new buildings and yards from about 13th to 16th centuries. However, despite such a wide spread in time, the ensemble of the Shirvanshahs palace produces a strikingly holistic artistic impression. And all thanks to the sensitivity and attentiveness of each next generation of architects: it is evident how strictly the cubic and multifaceted architectural volumes are strictly observed, the constantly carved stone pattern, rhythm and proportionality of architectural forms. This is truly a masterpiece in stone.
The palace complex is located on the top of the Baku hill, in the old part of the city, surrounded by ancient fortress walls. The oldest part of the palace, which was also erected not "once", but for several centuries, is an octagonal hall of the second floor of the late 14th century. In general, according to its design, the palace represents a rather complex figure. For example, the western, northern and part of the eastern facade is an incomplete rectangle; The southern facade represents two triangular lanterns and a broken line between them. It is difficult to imagine in words, but in appearance the building produces a grandiose impression.
To date, the palace has preserved three narrow spiral staircases and 52 rooms, as well as an octagonal parade hall. Inside there is an exposition of finds made during archaeological excavations, in particular, everyday objects, 12th-15th century coins, copper utensils, weapons and ornaments of the 19th century, musical instruments of the 15th century. The highlight of the collection is Shamakhi carpets.
Through a small opening it is possible to get into the closed courtyard of Diwan-khan, in the center of which there is an 8-sided rotunda-pavilion on a high stylobate. There are several versions of the appointment of Diwan-khan (end of the 15th century). Perhaps it was here that the proceedings, the state council, the reception rooms or the mausoleum were located.
It is evident how strictly the cubical and multifaceted architectural volumes are strictly observed, the constantly traced carved stone pattern, rhythm and proportionality of architectural forms. The palace of the Shirvanshahs is truly a masterpiece in stone.
Mausoleum of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi
The mausoleum of the "dervish" (the second half of the 15th century) is surrounded by the great court scholar Khalil Ili Seyid Yahya Bakuvi, who was engaged in medicine, mathematics, and astrology. In the northern part of the building you can see the arched opening, which once connected the mausoleum with the ancient mosque.
The "old" mosque or Kei-Kubad mosque - the one that adjoined the mausoleum of the dervish - was built in the late 14th and early 15th centuries after the destruction of an even older building, on whose foundation it was erected. Alas, in 1918, it burned down during a fire.
During the excavations of the 1920s, a crypt was found with scattered remains of up to twenty human skeletons. It turns out that even before the mosque and mausoleum there was a cemetery.
"The Gate of Murad" or the Eastern Portal led to the territory of the southern courtyard. The construction of this fragment completed the formation of the architectural ensemble of the Shirvanshahs palace. The upper part of the portal is decorated with an inscription in Arabic: "I ordered to build this noble building in the days of the fairest and greatest sultan, the sultan Murad Khan, Ulu. Rajab Baba Bakui in the year nine hundred and ninety-four. "
The building of the Shirvanshahs burial vault is also often called the "Turbe", it is directly opposite the entrance to the palace. Above him proudly towers a magnificently decorated portal.
During the excavations in the tomb found fragments of tombstones, as well as a number of burials of members of the Khalilullah family. In total, 14 crypts were found with, presumably, the remains of the son of Halilullah and his mother Halilullah.
Address: Icherisheher, Dvortsovy per., 76. Phone: (+994 12) 492-10-73. How to get: st. m. "Icheri Sheher".
Working hours: 10: 00-18: 00.
The cost of the visit: 2 AZN, students AZN 0.20, students 0.60 AZN.