The capital of Azerbaijan is the City-Port of Baku
Baku is one of the most beautiful cities in the world, located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The very name of the capital is interpreted as a "wind blow", "city of winds" or "hill", "city on a hill".
Baku city-the cultural, industrial, political capital of Azerbaijan, is located on the western coast of the Caspian Sea, on the shores of the eponymous bay in the southern part of the Absheron peninsula, rich in its oil fields.
Baku includes 11 administrative districts, 5 urban-type settlements.
History of ancient Gabala
The two-thousand-year-old Gabala, the ancient city of Azerbaijan, for 600 years was the capital of ancient Caucasian Albania, mentioned in the works of ancient historians of the first century. Later in Arabic sources it was mentioned as Khazar.
Gabala consistently was part of the state of the Shirvanshahs and the Sheki Khanate. During its long life, the city was repeatedly subjected to devastating invasions. But, despite this, Gabala preserved material evidence of its civilized past. The ruins of ancient Gabala are located 15 km from the modern city. Finds found during the excavations of the ancient fortress can be seen in the city museum. There are many historical and architectural monuments in the vicinity of Gabala.
Guba (Cuba) is one of the largest cities in Azerbaijan. It is located 165 km. to the north of Baku. The city was founded in the XV century, in the second half of the XVIII century was the capital of the Guba khanate.
One of the most beautiful cities in the country, Guba is especially good in spring, when its numerous gardens and parks blossom.
In Guba and its environs there are not a few historical monuments. Numerous mosques - the Cathedral mosque (XIX century), the Sakiny-khanum mosque (XVIII century), the Ardabil mosque (XIX century), the famous Juma mosque were preserved here. And also the House of the Guba Khan, medieval baths and a fortress.
Interesting history of the Azerbaijani city of Ganja
The city of Ganja is located at the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Range, on the Ganjachay River. It was founded approximately in VI century. AD In the first half of the VII century. Ganja was destroyed by the Persians, and in the second half by the Arabs. In the middle of the X century. Ganja, became the capital of the Shadadites - one of the small khanates in the territory of Azerbaijan.
In the middle of the eleventh century. Ganja was captured by the Seljukids. In 1139 there was a large earthquake that destroyed the city, in connection with this, he was moved to another place. As a result of the earthquake, a number of picturesque lakes were formed - Heck-gel, Maral-gel, Jeyran-gel, Ordek-gel, Zaligel, Aggel, Garagel and Shamlygel.
After the collapse of the state of the Seljukids, Ganja became the second capital of the Atabeys state (XII-XIII centuries). In the XVIII century. Ganja is the center of the Ganja Khanate.
Lankaran is an amazingly beautiful city-port on the shore of the Caspian Sea, almost on the border with Iran. One of the most ancient cities of Azerbaijan. The time of its foundation, however, is unknown. It is only certain that it was part of the Caucasian Albania, and in the 18th century it was the center of the Talish Khanate. During the Russian-Persian war, Lankaran was destroyed by the Persians, who built a fortress here. In 1813 Russian troops stormed Lankaran, after which the city became part of the Russian Empire.
Mingechaur is a large industrial center of Azerbaijan
Mingechaur is a city on the river Kura. It is famous, first of all, for its reservoir, which the locals gave the name of "Mingechaur Sea", which provides water to nearby regions of the republic. Located at the very shore of the reservoir, the tourist base offers a magnificent view of the sandy beach.
But not only the "sea" attracts tourists. In the Mingechaur area, archaeologists discovered a whole complex of monuments from the II millennium BC. e. up to the 17th century AD, among them the remains of settlements, ground and burial cemeteries, pitchers, and even Christian churches. The city has a theater and a museum of local lore, whose exposition reflects the rich history of the region.
Ancient history and modernity of Nakhichevan
The city of Nakhichevan is located right at the border with Iran, on the Nakhichevanchay river.
The oldest city in Azerbaijan. Originated in the VI. BC. as one of the cities of Caucasian Albania, in the XI century. turned into the capital of the state of the Seljukids. In the XII - XIII centuries. - the capital of the state of the Eldigisids, since 1828 in the Russian Empire, since 1923 it has been part of Azerbaijan.
The main attraction of the city are the monuments of medieval architecture: the mausoleums of Yusuf ibn Kuseyir (11th century) and Momine Khatun (12th century), the Gyaur-Kala fortress (Shakhtakhty, II millennium BC), and the unique Khudaferin bridges across the Araks .
Ordubad - Amphitheater of the Ordubadachi Gorge
Ordubad is the second most important city in the Nakhichevan region. It is an amphitheater stretching along the slopes of Ordubadchaya gorge.
It is so beautiful, as the ancient city of Azerbaijan. Ordubad is known since the XII century.
Shamakhi is an ancient Azerbaijani city. Originated in the 5th century. BC. e. In the IX-XVI centuries. - the capital of the Shirvan kingdom, the residence of the Shirvanshahs - one of the most beautiful cities of the East. From the middle of the XVIII century - the center of the Shemakhan khanate (remember the Shemakhan tsarina Pushkin).
The main attraction of the city is the fortress of Gyulistan (XI-XII centuries) - the last shelter of Shirvanshahs, built to defend the boundaries of the city. No less interesting are the mausoleum of Eddie-Gümbez ("The Seven Domes") with numerous burial places of the rulers of Shemakha, the Juma mosque (X century, rebuilt in the 19th century), numerous ruins of the X-XVII centuries.
Sheki is an ancient city in the Caucasus
The city of Sheki is located 380 km west of Baku, near the Georgian border. Sheki is located in a picturesque mountainous area, cut by narrow gorges and green valleys, with many springs, clean rivers, waterfalls and mineral springs, framed by dense forests and alpine meadows. Next to Sheki, in one of the most beautiful and picturesque places of the country, is the health resort of Marhal.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the city can be considered one of the oldest settlements in the Caucasus, many finds on its territory are more than 2500 years old.
Shusha is a city in Nagorno-Karabakh. It was founded in 1751 by Panah-Ali Khan as a fortress for the protection of the Karabakh Khanate. Initially, the city was called Panahabad in honor of its founder, and later became known as Shusha, named after the nearby village of Shushikent. The city became famous for its heroic defense from the invasion of the Iranian army in 1795.